Determinants of zakah (Islamic tax) compliance behavior

Ram Al Jaffri Saad, Roszaini Haniffa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


– The purpose of the paper was to examine factors influencing business zakah compliance behavior.

– The theory of reasoned action (TRA) was adopted to investigate whether attitude, subjective norm and intention were the determinants of zakah compliance behavior based on questionnaire survey of 227 active businessmen in one district in Malaysia.

– Results indicate intention to be a significant predictor for zakah compliance behavior. Intention is further found to be influenced by both attitude and subjective norm, and it mediates the relationship between both factors with business zakah compliance behavior.

Practical implications
– As attitude, subjective norm and intention are found to influence business zakah compliance behavior, zakah institutions should give serious attention on these factors to improve their zakah collection in the future.

– The study supports the argument that in a loosely regulated environment like zakah, the TRA can still effectively explain the behavior of zakah compliance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)182-193
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Islamic Accounting and Business Research
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)


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