Defining and detecting undesirable disturbance in the context of marine eutrophication

Paul Tett, Richard Gowen, Dave Mills, Teresa Fernandes, Linda Gilpin, Mark Huxham, Kevin Kennington, Paul Read, Matthew Service, Martin Wilkinson, Stephen Malcolm

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    An understanding of undesirable disturbance to the balance of organisms is needed to diagnose marine eutrophication as defined by EU Directives and OSPAR. This review summarizes the findings of the UK Defra-funded Undesirable Disturbance Study Team, which concluded that 'an undesirable disturbance is a perturbation of a marine ecosystem that appreciably degrades the health or threatens the sustainable human use of that ecosystem'. A methodology is proposed for detecting disturbance of temperate salt-water communities dominated by phytoplanktonic or phytobenthic primary producers. It relies on monitoring indicators of ecosystem structure and vigour, which are components of health. Undesirable disturbance can be diagnosed by accumulating evidence of ecohydrodynamic type-specific changes in: (i) bulk indicators; (ii) frequency statistics; (iii) flux measurements; (iv) structural indicators; and (v) indicator species. These are exemplified by (i) chlorophyll, transparency, dissolved oxygen, and opportunistic seaweed cover; (ii) HABs frequency; (iii) primary production; (iv) benthic and planktonic 'trophic indices'; (v) seagrasses and Nephrops norvegicus. Ecological Quality Objectives are proposed for some of these. Linking the diagnosis to eutrophication requires correlation of changes with nutrient enrichment. The methodology, which requires the development of a plankton community index and emphasizes the importance of primary production as an indicator of vigour, can be harmonized with the EU Water Framework Directive and OSPAR's Strategy to Combat Eutrophication. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)282-297
    Number of pages16
    JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
    Volume55
    Issue number1-6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2007

    Fingerprint

    Eutrophication
    Ecosystem
    Plankton
    Seaweed
    Water
    Health
    Chlorophyll
    Salts
    Oxygen
    Food

    Cite this

    Tett, Paul ; Gowen, Richard ; Mills, Dave ; Fernandes, Teresa ; Gilpin, Linda ; Huxham, Mark ; Kennington, Kevin ; Read, Paul ; Service, Matthew ; Wilkinson, Martin ; Malcolm, Stephen. / Defining and detecting undesirable disturbance in the context of marine eutrophication. In: Marine Pollution Bulletin. 2007 ; Vol. 55, No. 1-6. pp. 282-297.
    @article{afa6f283a7d044bcbcb958c4508143a8,
    title = "Defining and detecting undesirable disturbance in the context of marine eutrophication",
    abstract = "An understanding of undesirable disturbance to the balance of organisms is needed to diagnose marine eutrophication as defined by EU Directives and OSPAR. This review summarizes the findings of the UK Defra-funded Undesirable Disturbance Study Team, which concluded that 'an undesirable disturbance is a perturbation of a marine ecosystem that appreciably degrades the health or threatens the sustainable human use of that ecosystem'. A methodology is proposed for detecting disturbance of temperate salt-water communities dominated by phytoplanktonic or phytobenthic primary producers. It relies on monitoring indicators of ecosystem structure and vigour, which are components of health. Undesirable disturbance can be diagnosed by accumulating evidence of ecohydrodynamic type-specific changes in: (i) bulk indicators; (ii) frequency statistics; (iii) flux measurements; (iv) structural indicators; and (v) indicator species. These are exemplified by (i) chlorophyll, transparency, dissolved oxygen, and opportunistic seaweed cover; (ii) HABs frequency; (iii) primary production; (iv) benthic and planktonic 'trophic indices'; (v) seagrasses and Nephrops norvegicus. Ecological Quality Objectives are proposed for some of these. Linking the diagnosis to eutrophication requires correlation of changes with nutrient enrichment. The methodology, which requires the development of a plankton community index and emphasizes the importance of primary production as an indicator of vigour, can be harmonized with the EU Water Framework Directive and OSPAR's Strategy to Combat Eutrophication. {\circledC} 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.",
    author = "Paul Tett and Richard Gowen and Dave Mills and Teresa Fernandes and Linda Gilpin and Mark Huxham and Kevin Kennington and Paul Read and Matthew Service and Martin Wilkinson and Stephen Malcolm",
    year = "2007",
    doi = "10.1016/j.marpolbul.2006.08.028",
    language = "English",
    volume = "55",
    pages = "282--297",
    journal = "Marine Pollution Bulletin",
    issn = "0025-326X",
    publisher = "Elsevier",
    number = "1-6",

    }

    Tett, P, Gowen, R, Mills, D, Fernandes, T, Gilpin, L, Huxham, M, Kennington, K, Read, P, Service, M, Wilkinson, M & Malcolm, S 2007, 'Defining and detecting undesirable disturbance in the context of marine eutrophication', Marine Pollution Bulletin, vol. 55, no. 1-6, pp. 282-297. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2006.08.028

    Defining and detecting undesirable disturbance in the context of marine eutrophication. / Tett, Paul; Gowen, Richard; Mills, Dave; Fernandes, Teresa; Gilpin, Linda; Huxham, Mark; Kennington, Kevin; Read, Paul; Service, Matthew; Wilkinson, Martin; Malcolm, Stephen.

    In: Marine Pollution Bulletin, Vol. 55, No. 1-6, 2007, p. 282-297.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Defining and detecting undesirable disturbance in the context of marine eutrophication

    AU - Tett, Paul

    AU - Gowen, Richard

    AU - Mills, Dave

    AU - Fernandes, Teresa

    AU - Gilpin, Linda

    AU - Huxham, Mark

    AU - Kennington, Kevin

    AU - Read, Paul

    AU - Service, Matthew

    AU - Wilkinson, Martin

    AU - Malcolm, Stephen

    PY - 2007

    Y1 - 2007

    N2 - An understanding of undesirable disturbance to the balance of organisms is needed to diagnose marine eutrophication as defined by EU Directives and OSPAR. This review summarizes the findings of the UK Defra-funded Undesirable Disturbance Study Team, which concluded that 'an undesirable disturbance is a perturbation of a marine ecosystem that appreciably degrades the health or threatens the sustainable human use of that ecosystem'. A methodology is proposed for detecting disturbance of temperate salt-water communities dominated by phytoplanktonic or phytobenthic primary producers. It relies on monitoring indicators of ecosystem structure and vigour, which are components of health. Undesirable disturbance can be diagnosed by accumulating evidence of ecohydrodynamic type-specific changes in: (i) bulk indicators; (ii) frequency statistics; (iii) flux measurements; (iv) structural indicators; and (v) indicator species. These are exemplified by (i) chlorophyll, transparency, dissolved oxygen, and opportunistic seaweed cover; (ii) HABs frequency; (iii) primary production; (iv) benthic and planktonic 'trophic indices'; (v) seagrasses and Nephrops norvegicus. Ecological Quality Objectives are proposed for some of these. Linking the diagnosis to eutrophication requires correlation of changes with nutrient enrichment. The methodology, which requires the development of a plankton community index and emphasizes the importance of primary production as an indicator of vigour, can be harmonized with the EU Water Framework Directive and OSPAR's Strategy to Combat Eutrophication. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    AB - An understanding of undesirable disturbance to the balance of organisms is needed to diagnose marine eutrophication as defined by EU Directives and OSPAR. This review summarizes the findings of the UK Defra-funded Undesirable Disturbance Study Team, which concluded that 'an undesirable disturbance is a perturbation of a marine ecosystem that appreciably degrades the health or threatens the sustainable human use of that ecosystem'. A methodology is proposed for detecting disturbance of temperate salt-water communities dominated by phytoplanktonic or phytobenthic primary producers. It relies on monitoring indicators of ecosystem structure and vigour, which are components of health. Undesirable disturbance can be diagnosed by accumulating evidence of ecohydrodynamic type-specific changes in: (i) bulk indicators; (ii) frequency statistics; (iii) flux measurements; (iv) structural indicators; and (v) indicator species. These are exemplified by (i) chlorophyll, transparency, dissolved oxygen, and opportunistic seaweed cover; (ii) HABs frequency; (iii) primary production; (iv) benthic and planktonic 'trophic indices'; (v) seagrasses and Nephrops norvegicus. Ecological Quality Objectives are proposed for some of these. Linking the diagnosis to eutrophication requires correlation of changes with nutrient enrichment. The methodology, which requires the development of a plankton community index and emphasizes the importance of primary production as an indicator of vigour, can be harmonized with the EU Water Framework Directive and OSPAR's Strategy to Combat Eutrophication. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33751163467&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2006.08.028

    DO - 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2006.08.028

    M3 - Article

    C2 - 17011591

    VL - 55

    SP - 282

    EP - 297

    JO - Marine Pollution Bulletin

    JF - Marine Pollution Bulletin

    SN - 0025-326X

    IS - 1-6

    ER -