Deficiencies of the normal moment yield criterion for RC slabs

Ian May, Sarosh H. Lodi

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Design methods for the ultimate load design of slabs, for example yield line analysis, Hillerborg's strip method and the Wood-Armer equations, require a yield criterion. The criterion usually used is the 'stepped' or normal moment criterion. The sections must also be ductile. A substantial number of experimental tests and theoretical studies have been carried out to verify the criterion for relatively low percentages of reinforcement. However, more recently, experimental studies have shown that the criterion may be unconservative for cases of pure twisting, even with relatively low areas of reinforcement. This paper examines the reasons for the unconservatism. Numerically determined yield criteria are given for a number of isotropically reinforced sections and the loading conditions for which the criterion is unconservative are identified. The implications for current methods of slab design and assessment are discussed. In order to provide safe solutions the sandwich approach method proposed by Morley, combined with the Clark-Nielsen equations, is considered to be a suitable solution.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)371-380
    Number of pages10
    JournalProceedings of the ICE - Structures and Buildings
    Volume158
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2005

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    Reinforcement
    Wood

    Keywords

    • Concrete structures
    • Slabs & plates

    Cite this

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    abstract = "Design methods for the ultimate load design of slabs, for example yield line analysis, Hillerborg's strip method and the Wood-Armer equations, require a yield criterion. The criterion usually used is the 'stepped' or normal moment criterion. The sections must also be ductile. A substantial number of experimental tests and theoretical studies have been carried out to verify the criterion for relatively low percentages of reinforcement. However, more recently, experimental studies have shown that the criterion may be unconservative for cases of pure twisting, even with relatively low areas of reinforcement. This paper examines the reasons for the unconservatism. Numerically determined yield criteria are given for a number of isotropically reinforced sections and the loading conditions for which the criterion is unconservative are identified. The implications for current methods of slab design and assessment are discussed. In order to provide safe solutions the sandwich approach method proposed by Morley, combined with the Clark-Nielsen equations, is considered to be a suitable solution.",
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    Deficiencies of the normal moment yield criterion for RC slabs. / May, Ian; Lodi, Sarosh H.

    In: Proceedings of the ICE - Structures and Buildings, Vol. 158, No. 6, 12.2005, p. 371-380.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Deficiencies of the normal moment yield criterion for RC slabs

    AU - May, Ian

    AU - Lodi, Sarosh H.

    PY - 2005/12

    Y1 - 2005/12

    N2 - Design methods for the ultimate load design of slabs, for example yield line analysis, Hillerborg's strip method and the Wood-Armer equations, require a yield criterion. The criterion usually used is the 'stepped' or normal moment criterion. The sections must also be ductile. A substantial number of experimental tests and theoretical studies have been carried out to verify the criterion for relatively low percentages of reinforcement. However, more recently, experimental studies have shown that the criterion may be unconservative for cases of pure twisting, even with relatively low areas of reinforcement. This paper examines the reasons for the unconservatism. Numerically determined yield criteria are given for a number of isotropically reinforced sections and the loading conditions for which the criterion is unconservative are identified. The implications for current methods of slab design and assessment are discussed. In order to provide safe solutions the sandwich approach method proposed by Morley, combined with the Clark-Nielsen equations, is considered to be a suitable solution.

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