Cygnus A jointly calibrated and imaged via non-convex optimisation from JVLA data

Arwa Dabbech, Audrey Repetti, Richard A. Perley, Oleg M. Smirnov, Yves Wiaux

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Abstract

Radio interferometric (RI) data are noisy under-sampled spatial Fourier components of the unknown radio sky affected by direction-dependent antenna gains. Failure to model these antenna gains accurately results in a radio sky estimate with limited fidelity and resolution. The RI inverse problem has been recently addressed, in sim- ulation, via a joint calibration and imaging approach which consists in solving a non-convex minimisation task, involving suitable priors for the DDEs, namely temporal and spatial smoothness, and l1-sparsity for the unknown radio map [1]. Building on these developments, we propose to promote strong sparsity of the radio map. i.e. in l0 sense, via a non-convex regularisation function that is the log-sum penalty. The resulting minimisation task is addressed via a sequence of non-convex minimisation tasks composed of re-weighted l1 image priors, which are solved approximately. We demonstrate the efficiency of the approach on RI observations of the celebrated radio galaxy Cygnus A obtained with the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array at X, C, and S bands. More precisely, we showcase that the approach enhances data fidelity significantly while achieving high resolution high dynamic range radio maps, confirming the suitability of the priors considered for the unknown DDEs and radio image. As a clear qualitative indication of the high fidelity achieved by the data and the proposed approach, we report the detection of three background sources in the vicinity of Cyg A, at S band. The approach is implemented in MATLAB (code available on the Puri-Psi webpage [2]). This abstract summarises a full paper by the authors [3].
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 15 Mar 2021
EventXXXIV General Assembly and Scientific Symposium (GASS) of the
International Union of Radio Science 2021
- Rome, Italy
Duration: 28 Aug 20214 Sep 2021
https://www.ursi2021.org/

Conference

ConferenceXXXIV General Assembly and Scientific Symposium (GASS) of the
International Union of Radio Science 2021
Abbreviated titleURSI GASS 2021
Country/TerritoryItaly
CityRome
Period28/08/214/09/21
Internet address

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