This paper investigates the impact of differing road development strategies in floodplains for increasing levels of road expansion, focusing on hydraulic characteristics of floods such as water level, velocity and inundation duration and extent. Cumulative impacts are presented in term of both a resistant approach where road transport infrastructure has the secondary purpose of flood dykes and, a resilience approach that maintains the floodplain hydraulics through the use of flow through structures. Each method is examined in the context of road development in the Cambodian Mekong floodplain. Results indicate that resistance approaches necessitate higher levels of road structures, designed to higher technical specifications, whilst resilience approaches maintain the hydraulic character of floodplains but require the inclusion of well-designed flow through structures with localized scour protection. (C) 2012 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 2012|