Cretaceous to Recent Submarine Fans in the Southeast Angola Basin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingOther chapter contribution

Abstract

There have been three periods in the past 100 m.y. during which sedimentation at Site 530 in the S.E. Angola Basin has been dominated by mass gravity processes. These three successions, each between 200 m and 300 m thick, can be interpreted as deep-sea fan accumulations on the basis of their morphology, seismic stratigraphy, and facies sequences and have been informally named the "brown," "white," and "green" fans from the colors of their dominant sediments. They are composed dominantly of pelagic, carbonate, and volcanogenic turbidites, respectively, all derived primarily from the Walvis Ridge immediately to the south. The average rate of sedimentation for each of the brown and green fans was 2-3 cm/1000 yr., but the frequency of (sandy) turbidites on the green fan (1/ 2,500 yr.) was an order of magnitude higher than for the (muddy) brown fan (1/25,000 yr.). Surprisingly, the brown fan sediments are more proximal than those of either the green or white fans. The primary controls on sedimentation in each case were different and included tectonic activity, paleogeography, sediment type, oceanic circulation, and sediment instability.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInitial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project
Subtitle of host publicationA Project Planned by and Carried Out With the Advice of the JOINT OCEANOGRAPHIC INSTITUTIONS FOR DEEP EARTH SAMPLING (JOIDES)
EditorsRosemary Amidei
PublisherU.S. Government Printing Office
Pages771-784
Number of pages14
Volume75
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1984

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submarine fan
Cretaceous
sedimentation
basin
sediment
seismic stratigraphy
oceanic circulation
paleogeography
gravity
carbonate
tectonics

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Stow, D. A. V. (1984). Cretaceous to Recent Submarine Fans in the Southeast Angola Basin. In R. Amidei (Ed.), Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project: A Project Planned by and Carried Out With the Advice of the JOINT OCEANOGRAPHIC INSTITUTIONS FOR DEEP EARTH SAMPLING (JOIDES) (Vol. 75, pp. 771-784). U.S. Government Printing Office. https://doi.org/10.2973/dsdp.proc.75.117.1984
Stow, D.A.V. / Cretaceous to Recent Submarine Fans in the Southeast Angola Basin. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project: A Project Planned by and Carried Out With the Advice of the JOINT OCEANOGRAPHIC INSTITUTIONS FOR DEEP EARTH SAMPLING (JOIDES). editor / Rosemary Amidei. Vol. 75 U.S. Government Printing Office, 1984. pp. 771-784
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Stow, DAV 1984, Cretaceous to Recent Submarine Fans in the Southeast Angola Basin. in R Amidei (ed.), Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project: A Project Planned by and Carried Out With the Advice of the JOINT OCEANOGRAPHIC INSTITUTIONS FOR DEEP EARTH SAMPLING (JOIDES). vol. 75, U.S. Government Printing Office, pp. 771-784. https://doi.org/10.2973/dsdp.proc.75.117.1984

Cretaceous to Recent Submarine Fans in the Southeast Angola Basin. / Stow, D.A.V.

Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project: A Project Planned by and Carried Out With the Advice of the JOINT OCEANOGRAPHIC INSTITUTIONS FOR DEEP EARTH SAMPLING (JOIDES). ed. / Rosemary Amidei. Vol. 75 U.S. Government Printing Office, 1984. p. 771-784.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingOther chapter contribution

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N2 - There have been three periods in the past 100 m.y. during which sedimentation at Site 530 in the S.E. Angola Basin has been dominated by mass gravity processes. These three successions, each between 200 m and 300 m thick, can be interpreted as deep-sea fan accumulations on the basis of their morphology, seismic stratigraphy, and facies sequences and have been informally named the "brown," "white," and "green" fans from the colors of their dominant sediments. They are composed dominantly of pelagic, carbonate, and volcanogenic turbidites, respectively, all derived primarily from the Walvis Ridge immediately to the south. The average rate of sedimentation for each of the brown and green fans was 2-3 cm/1000 yr., but the frequency of (sandy) turbidites on the green fan (1/ 2,500 yr.) was an order of magnitude higher than for the (muddy) brown fan (1/25,000 yr.). Surprisingly, the brown fan sediments are more proximal than those of either the green or white fans. The primary controls on sedimentation in each case were different and included tectonic activity, paleogeography, sediment type, oceanic circulation, and sediment instability.

AB - There have been three periods in the past 100 m.y. during which sedimentation at Site 530 in the S.E. Angola Basin has been dominated by mass gravity processes. These three successions, each between 200 m and 300 m thick, can be interpreted as deep-sea fan accumulations on the basis of their morphology, seismic stratigraphy, and facies sequences and have been informally named the "brown," "white," and "green" fans from the colors of their dominant sediments. They are composed dominantly of pelagic, carbonate, and volcanogenic turbidites, respectively, all derived primarily from the Walvis Ridge immediately to the south. The average rate of sedimentation for each of the brown and green fans was 2-3 cm/1000 yr., but the frequency of (sandy) turbidites on the green fan (1/ 2,500 yr.) was an order of magnitude higher than for the (muddy) brown fan (1/25,000 yr.). Surprisingly, the brown fan sediments are more proximal than those of either the green or white fans. The primary controls on sedimentation in each case were different and included tectonic activity, paleogeography, sediment type, oceanic circulation, and sediment instability.

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Stow DAV. Cretaceous to Recent Submarine Fans in the Southeast Angola Basin. In Amidei R, editor, Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project: A Project Planned by and Carried Out With the Advice of the JOINT OCEANOGRAPHIC INSTITUTIONS FOR DEEP EARTH SAMPLING (JOIDES). Vol. 75. U.S. Government Printing Office. 1984. p. 771-784 https://doi.org/10.2973/dsdp.proc.75.117.1984