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Abstract

Investigating the mechanisms that govern flow of fluids at the pore-scale are the cornerstone of understanding multiphase flow in porous media for a wide range of applications, including hydrocarbon recovery, CO2 sequestration and contaminant hydrology. Microfluidic devices, coupled with visualization techniques allow us to study pore-scale processes [1, 2]. Glass substrates are often preferred over silicon and polymers for the manufacturing of microfluidic devices because of their high transparency, thermal stability, hardness and chemical resistance. However, conventional manufacturing of glass-based microfluidic devices is time consuming, expensive, complex and multistep [3]. We have recently developed a novel and relatively inexpensive laser-based process that can be used for the fabrication of microfluidic devices using glass substrates [4]. Features generated on the glass surface by using a picosecond laser beam enable more complex surface features than those produced by more conventional photolithography and etching. Laser-generated micro-channels have a limited aspect ratio (typically < 4:1), much higher surface roughness than etched micro-channels, and angled walls with a rounded bottom, rather than steep, vertical walls with a flat bottom.. However, these characteristics do not limit the ability to closely simulate real porous materials relevant to applications such as CO2 sequestration, hydrology or hydrocarbon recovery. Designing of appropriate micro-structures for specific fluid flow experiments most often requires performing numerical simulations to predict fluid flow behaviour and conducting flow tests on the fabricated micromodels to validate the simulation results. We have coupled micromodel flow experiments and pore-scale numerical simulations to investigate fluid flow behaviour in micro-structures under various experimental conditions. Simulations are particularly useful for guiding the prototyping of micro-models, since the geometry, physical dimensions, and surface properties of micro-channels and pores in the structure have a significant effect on fluid flow dynamics. In this research, we will pinpoint critically important parameters that have an impact on the fluid flow at pore-scale, which should be considered in the fabrication of micromodels. We investigate the fluid displacement front, saturation distribution, and the influence of the micromodel imperfections on the bulk flow will be evaluated [5,6]. We utilize a commercially available computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code in this work. Additionally, a set of dynamic flow tests will be performed on the fabricated micromodels to obtain valuable qualitative and quantitative data. This will allow the comparison between the measured experimental data after performing fluid flow tests on the fabricated micromodels with the results of pore-scale numerical simulations. Acknowledgements This project has received funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (MILEPOST, Grant agreement no.: 695070). This paper reflects only the authors’ view and ERC is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information it contains. References [1] Vladisavljevic et al., Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews 65, 1626-1663 (2013). [2] Joseph et al., Chemical Engineering Science 99, 274-283 (2013). [3] Queste et al., “Manufacture of microfluidic glass chips by deep plasma etching, femtosecond laser ablation, and anodic bonding,” Microsyst. Technol. 16, 1485-1493 (2010). [4] Wlodarczyk et al., “Fabrication of three-dimensional micro-structures in glass by picosecond laser micro-machining and welding,” 18th Int. Sym. Laser Precision Microfabrication (LPM), Toyama, Japan (June 2017).
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 10 Sep 2018
Event4th UK InterPore Conference 2018 - Aberdeen, United Kingdom
Duration: 10 Sep 201811 Sep 2018

Conference

Conference4th UK InterPore Conference 2018
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityAberdeen
Period10/09/1811/09/18

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