CO2 capture through electro-conductive adsorbent using physical adsorption system for sustainable development

M. Farooq, M. A. Saeed, M. Imran, G. M. Uddin, M. Asim, H. Bilal, M. R. Younas, J. M. Andresen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The most critical energy and environmental challenge that our planet is facing today is to minimize the dependence on fossil fuels. Carbon dioxide may be of utmost significance as a solution of this issue through realization of carbon neutral energy cycle. Potentially, this could be achieved through the carbon dioxide capture as the urgent response to ongoing climate change. Activated carbon (AC) adsorption is one the most effective, environment friendly and techno-economic process for the carbon capture. In the current research, an electro-conductive-activated carbon was prepared by mixing powdered activated carbon (PAC) with an electro-conductive polymer (ECP). Different ratios of 0, 25, 50, 75 and 100 wt% of ECP with PAC were used for the different analyses of activated carbons in a gas mixture of CO 2 /N 2 using a physical adsorption system. Adsorption and desorption analyses, capacities of the process and desorption effects were examined. Electro-conductive polymers (ECP) were mixed with AC samples, where breakthrough time was increased up to 400% when mixed with the PAC for CO 2 adsorption. Following adsorption analysis, desorption of activated carbons was conducted with different potentials. It was revealed that mixing could help the PAC sample to overcome the packing issue to increase the breakthrough capacity and the volumes before and after the breakthrough adsorption in the packed bed systems. The desorption rates of the PAC sample were also enhanced, and fast desorption was observed when mixed with ECP. It is envisioned that this method is very much promising carbon capture method for the techno-economic feasibility and sustainable development of the environment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalEnvironmental Geochemistry and Health
Early online date8 May 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 8 May 2019

Keywords

  • Activated carbon
  • Carbon capture
  • Electro-conductive polymers
  • Physical adsorption
  • Sustainable development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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