Conformation of cyclics and linear chain polymers in bulk by SANS

V. Arrighi, S. Gagliardi, A. C. Dagger, J. A. Semlyen, J. S. Higgins, M. J. Shenton

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171 Citations (Scopus)


Small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) has been used to investigate the conformation of linear and cyclic poly(dimethylsiloxane)s (PDMS) in chemically identical, undiluted blends. SANS measurements have been carried out on (1) linear hydrogenous (H) mixed with linear deuterated (D) PDMS and (2) cyclic H mixed with cyclic D PDMS. The conformational behavior of the cyclic and linear polymers is studied over a wide range of molar mass and composition. Isotopic blends of linear PDMS are shown to adopt conformations that agree well with theoretical predictions for Gaussian random-coil polymers and confirm previous SANS studies. As expected for chains obeying Gaussian statistics, the mean radii of gyration, Rg, scale with the weight-average molar mass as Rg 8 Mw0.5. A detailed study of H/D cyclic PDMS mixtures is presented, and we demonstrate that, since Rg 8 Mw0.4, highly flexible cyclic polymers in the melt adopt an even more compact conformation than that of unperturbed rings. This behavior confirms previous predictions based on computer simulations and theoretical studies. The results are in excellent agreement with computer simulations and theoretical predictions reported in the literature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8057-8065
Number of pages9
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - 19 Oct 2004


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