Conformal tapered substrate integrated waveguide leaky-wave antenna

Alejandro Javier Martinez-Ros*, José Luis Gómez-Tornero, George Goussetis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)


We demonstrate the capability to conform a substrate integrated waveguide leaky-wave antenna (SIW LWA) along an arbitrarily curved line by suitably tapering the leaky mode along the antenna length. In particular, it is shown that by means of locally adjusting the pointing angle of the radiated wave, a coherent plane-wave front in the far-field region can be obtained. Combined with the capability to taper the leakage rate along the antenna, this allows designing antennas with high illumination efficiency, which provides higher directivity when compared with previous conformal LWAs such as the half-mode microstrip LWAs (HMLWAs). These concepts have been validated with both measured and simulated results involving the proposed conformal SIW LWA as well as three different configurations of HMLWA: conformal tapered HMLWA, conformal nontapered HMLWA and conventional rectilinear HMLWA. The antennas have been designed to operate at 15 GHz, and in the case of the SIW LWA an analysis of its frequency scanning response has been performed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5983-5991
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2014


  • Conformal antennas
  • Leaky-mode tapering
  • Leaky-wave antennas (LWAs)
  • Planar antennas
  • Substrate integrated waveguide (SIW)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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