Energy detection (ED) has been widely used for detecting unknown deterministic signals in many wireless communication applications, e.g., cognitive radio, and ultra-wideband (UWB). However, the performance analysis of ED over slow fading channels is cumbersome, because it is difficult to derive closed-form expressions for the average probability of detection involving the generalised Marcum Q-function and the log-normal distribution. In this letter, we derive an approximation of the average probability of detection over a slow fading channel by replacing the log-normal distribution with a Wald distribution. In addition, we analyze the detection performance of the ED using a square-law combining scheme over multiple independent and identically distributed slow fading channels. © 2006 IEEE.
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||IEEE Communications Letters|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 2010|
- cognitive radio
- Energy detection
- slow fading
- Wald distribution