Various mechanisms for the cyclometalation of dimethylbenzylamine by palladium acetate have been studied by DFT calculations. Contrary to previous suggestions, the rate-limiting step is the electrophilic attack of the palladium on an ortho arene C-H bond to form an agostic complex rather than a Wheland intermediate. The cyclometalated product is then formed by intramolecular deprotonation by acetate via a six-membered transition state; this step has almost no activation barrier. Copyright © 2005 American Chemical Society.
|Number of pages||2|
|Journal||Journal of the American Chemical Society|
|Publication status||Published - 12 Oct 2005|