A new series of non-stoichiometric sulfides Ga1-xGexV4S8-d (0=x=1; d=0.23) has been synthesized at high temperatures by heating stoichiometric mixtures of the elements in sealed quartz tubes. The samples have been characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, SQUID magnetometry and electrical transport-property measurements. Structural analysis reveals that a solid solution is formed throughout this composition range, whilst thermogravimetric data reveal sulfur deficiency of up to 2.9% in the quaternary phases. Magnetic measurements suggest that the ferromagnetic behavior of the end-member phase GaV4S8 is retained at x=0.7; samples in this composition range showing a marked increase in magnetization at low temperatures. By contrast Ga0.25Ge0.75V4S8-d appears to undergo antiferromagnetic ordering at ca. 15 K. All materials with x?1 are n-type semiconductors whose resistivity falls by almost six orders of magnitude with decreasing Ga content, whilst the end-member phase GeV4S8-d is a p-type semiconductor. The results demonstrate that the physical properties are determined principally by the degree of electron filling of narrow-band states arising from intracluster V-V interactions. © 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Solid State Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 2009|
- Crystal structure
- Magnetic properties
- Neutron diffraction
- Transport properties