Comparison of particle size distributions measured using different techniques

M. Li, D. Wilkinson, K. Patchigolla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

142 Citations (Scopus)


In this article, particle size distributions (PSDs) measured by different techniques, including image analysis (IA), laser diffraction (LD), ultrasonic attenuation spectroscopy (UAS), and focused-beam reflectance measurement (FBRM), are compared for spherical glass beads and nonspherical silica flakes. It is shown that particle shape strongly affects the results obtained by different techniques. For spheres, the PSDs obtained by IA, LD, and UAS agree well. There is no consistent result among different particle measurement techniques for nonspherical particles. The conversion between PSDs obtained by IA, LD, and UAS has been based on particle shape factors. Caution must be exercised when a measured chord length distribution (CLD) is used to indicate the PSD during a process because the CLD result obtained by FBRM is complex, depending not only on the PSD, but also on particle optical properties and shape. Copyright © Taylor & Francis Inc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)265-284
Number of pages20
JournalParticulate Science and Technology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2005


  • Chord length distribution (CLD)
  • Focused-beam reflectance measurement (FBRM)
  • Image analysis (IA)
  • Laser diffraction (LD)
  • Particle size distribution (PSD)
  • Ultrasonic attenuation spectroscopy (UAS)


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