Comparison of music, unitary ESPRIT, and SAGE algorithms for estimating 3D angles in wireless channels

Rui Feng, Yu Liu, Jie Huang, Jian Sun, Cheng-Xiang Wang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

8 Citations (Scopus)


Joint estimation of azimuth and elevation angles is of great importance in source localization and channel characterization. Firstly, some basic knowledge of three typical parametric estimation algorithms are introduced in this paper, i.e., multiple signal classification (MUSIC), Unitary estimation of signal parameter via rotational invariance technique (ESPRIT), and space-alternating generalized expectation-maximization (SAGE) algorithms. Each algorithm is capable of extracting both azimuth angle of arrival (AAoA) and elevation angle of arrival (EAoA) of multi-paths jointly. It is pointed out that the SAGE and MUSIC algorithms have higher complexity than the Unitary ESPRIT algorithm due to the iteration/angle searching procedure. Secondly, impacts of antenna number, closely spaced paths, and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) on estimation performance of three algorithms are analyzed. Results show that the Unitary ESPRIT algorithm has lower accuracy in comparison with the MUSIC and SAGE algorithms when antenna number and SNR are large. Finally, three algorithms are applied to estimate multipath parameters in 16 GHz massive MIMO channel measurements. It is shown that the Unitary ESPRIT algorithm performs less satisfactory in MPCs extraction, while MUSIC can provide comparable results with the SAGE algorithm.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2017 IEEE/CIC International Conference on Communications in China (ICCC)
ISBN (Electronic)9781538645024
Publication statusPublished - 5 Apr 2018


  • angle of arrival (AoA)
  • massive MIMO
  • SAGE algorithm
  • Unitary ESPRIT

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Signal Processing


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