A motion artefact is a kind of noise that exists widely in wearable electrocardiogram (ECG) monitoring. Reducing motion artefact is challenging in ECG signal preprocessing because the spectrum of motion artefact usually overlaps with the very important spectral components of the ECG signal. In this paper, the performance of the finite impulse response (FIR) filter, infinite impulse response (IIR) filter, moving average filter, moving median filter, wavelet transform, empirical mode decomposition, and adaptive filter in motion artefact reduction is studied and compared. The results of this study demonstrate that the adaptive filter performs better than other denoising methods, especially in dealing with the abnormal ECG signal which is measured from a patient with heart disease. In the implementation of adaptive motion artefact reduction, the results show that the use of the impedance pneumography signal as the reference input signal for the adaptive filter can effectively reduce the motion artefact in the ECG signal.
- Adaptive filtering
- Impedance pneumography signal
- Motion artefact
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering