Comparison of Machine Learning Approaches for Robust and Timely Detection of PPE in Construction Sites

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Globally, workplace safety is a critical concern, and statistics highlight the widespread impact of occupational hazards. According to the International Labour Organization (ILO), an estimated 2.78 million work-related fatalities occur worldwide each year, with an additional 374 million non-fatal workplace injuries and illnesses. These incidents result in significant economic and social costs, emphasizing the urgent need for effective safety measures across industries. The construction sector in particular faces substantial challenges, contributing a notable share to these statistics due to the nature of its operations. As technology, including machine vision algorithms and robotics, continues to advance, there is a growing opportunity to enhance global workplace safety standards and mitigate the human toll of occupational hazards on a broader scale. This paper explores the development and evaluation of two distinct algorithms designed for the accurate detection of safety equipment on construction sites. The first algorithm leverages the Faster R-CNN architecture, employing ResNet-50 as its backbone for robust object detection. Subsequently, the results obtained from Faster R-CNN are compared with those of the second algorithm, Few-Shot Object Detection (FsDet). The selection of FsDet is motivated by its efficiency in addressing the time-intensive process of compiling datasets for network training in object recognition. The research methodology involves training and fine-tuning both algorithms to assess their performance in safety equipment detection. Comparative analysis aims to evaluate the effectiveness of novel training methods employed in the development of these machine vision algorithms.
Original languageEnglish
Article number31
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 16 Feb 2024


  • construction industry
  • faster R-CNN
  • few shot object detection
  • machine learning algorithms
  • object detection
  • robotics
  • workplace safety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Control and Optimization
  • Artificial Intelligence


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