Comparison of Faxén's correction for a microsphere translating or rotating near a surface

J. Leach, H. Mushfique, S. Keen, R. Di Leonardo, G. Ruocco, J. M. Cooper, M. J. Padgett

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Abstract

Boundary walls in microfluidic devices have a strong influence on the fluid flow and drag forces on moving objects. The Stokes drag force acting on a sphere translating in the fluid is increased by the presence of a neighboring wall by a factor given by Faxen's correction. A similar increase in the rotational drag is expected when spinning close to a wall. We use optical tweezers to confirm the translational drag correction and report the hitherto unmeasured rotational equivalent. We find that the corrections for the rotational motion is only required for particle-wall separations an order of magnitude shorter than that for the translational cases. These results are particularly significant in the use of optical tweezers for measuring viscosity on a picolitre scale.

Original languageEnglish
Article number026301
Number of pages4
JournalPhysical Review E
Volume79
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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