Comparative structural studies of urinary glycosaminoglycans in the Hurler and Hunter syndromes

P Ramage, W L Cunningham

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Some hitherto undetected differences in chemical and macromolecular structure between both dermatan sulphates and heparan sulphates excreted in the Hurler and Hunter syndromes are demonstrated. Of Hunter dermatan sulphate, 37-43% is resistant to periodate oxidation, as opposed to 25% of the corresponding Hurler material. It is likely that the resistance is conferred by the presence of sulphate groups on carbon atoms 2 or 3 of the iduronate residues, correlating with the recently established deficiency of a sulphoiduronate sulphatase in Hunter fibroblasts. Two distinct electrophoretic species of dermatan sulphate are found in Hunter urine, but only one in Hurler preparations. Ion exchange chromatography and gel filtration reveal that Hurler dermatan sulphate is more heterogeneous with respect to molecular weight distribution than the other. The dermatan sulphates were degraded by hyaluronidase to a limited extent. Hurler heparan sulphate contains a higher proportion of sulphoamino glucose than material from Hunter urine. Similar high levels in Sanfilippo patients, representing 65-78% of the total glucosamine suggest a direct correlation with mental deficiency.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)325-333
    Number of pages9
    JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Gene Structure and Expression
    Volume411
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 1975

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