Comparative Proteomics of Marinobacter sp. TT1 Reveals Corexit Impacts on Hydrocarbon Metabolism, Chemotactic Motility, and Biofilm Formation

Saskia Rughoft, Nico Jehmlich, Tony Gutierrez, Sara Kleindienst

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The application of chemical dispersants during marine oil spills can affect the community composition and activity of marine microorganisms. Several studies have indicated that certain marine hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria, such as Marinobacter spp., can be inhibited by chemical dispersants, resulting in lower abundances and/or reduced biodegradation rates. However, a major knowledge gap exists regarding the mechanisms underlying these physiological effects. Here, we performed comparative proteomics of the Deepwater Horizon isolate Marinobacter sp. TT1 grown under different conditions. Strain TT1 received different carbon sources (pyruvate vs. n-hexadecane) with and without added dispersant (Corexit EC9500A). Additional treatments contained crude oil in the form of a water-accommodated fraction (WAF) or chemically-enhanced WAF (CEWAF; with Corexit). For the first time, we identified the proteins associated with alkane metabolism and alginate biosynthesis in strain TT1, report on its potential for aromatic hydrocarbon biodegradation and present a protein-based proposed metabolism of Corexit components as carbon substrates. Our findings revealed that Corexit exposure affects hydrocarbon metabolism, chemotactic motility, biofilm formation, and induces solvent tolerance mechanisms, like efflux pumps, in strain TT1. This study provides novel insights into dispersant impacts on microbial hydrocarbon degraders that should be taken into consideration for future oil spill response actions.
Original languageEnglish
Article number3
JournalMicroorganisms
Volume9
Issue number1
Early online date22 Dec 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021

Keywords

  • Biofilm formation
  • Chemotactic motility
  • Corexit
  • Dispersant
  • Hexadecane
  • Hydrocarbon metabolism
  • Marinobacter
  • Proteomics
  • WAF

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Virology
  • Microbiology (medical)

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