Come Closer: The Effects of Robot Personality on Human Proxemics Behaviours

Meriam Moujahid*, David Robb, Christian Dondrup, Helen Hastie

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Social Robots in human environments need to be able to reason about their physical surroundings while interacting with people. Furthermore, human proxemics behaviours around robots can indicate how people perceive the robots and can inform robot personality and interaction design. Here, we introduce Charlie, a situated robot receptionist that can interact with people using verbal and non-verbal communication in a dynamic environment, where users might enter or leave the scene at any time. The robot receptionist is stationary and cannot navigate. Therefore, people have full control over their personal space as they are the ones approaching the robot. We investigated the influence of different apparent robot personalities on the proxemics behaviours of the humans. The results indicate that different types of robot personalities, specifically introversion and extroversion, can influence human proxemics behaviours. Participants maintained shorter distances with the introvert robot receptionist, compared to the extrovert robot. Interestingly, we observed that human-robot proxemics were not the same as typical human-human interpersonal distances, as defined in the literature. We therefore propose new proxemics zones for human-robot interaction.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication32nd IEEE International Conference on Robot and Human Interactive Communication (RO-MAN)
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 26 May 2023
Event32nd IEEE International Conference on Robot and Human Interactive Communication 2023 - Paradise Hotel, Busan, Korea, Republic of
Duration: 28 Aug 202331 Aug 2023
Conference number: 32


Conference32nd IEEE International Conference on Robot and Human Interactive Communication 2023
Abbreviated titleIEEE RO-MAN 2023
Country/TerritoryKorea, Republic of
Internet address


  • proxemcs
  • human-robot interaction
  • personality
  • introvert
  • extrovert
  • conversational agent
  • National Robotarium

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