Coastal Flooding at the Gulf of Maine during the Patriot's Day Storm

Dongmei Xie, Qing Ping Zou, John W. Cannon

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The Gulf of Maine is frequently struck by Nor'easter storms during winter season. The strong wind produced by storm generates large waves and high surge, which may result in coastal inundation in low-lying areas along the coast when the storm peak coincides with high tide. In this paper, the state-of-the-art fully-coupled circulation and spectral wave model ADCIRC-UnSWAN was applied to investigate waves and circulation in the Gulf of Maine. The waves and surge level was well reproduced at wave buoy and tide gauge. While waves at offshore of Saco Bay reaches over 7.0 m at storm peak, it decreases rapidly when propagating into the bay, mainly caused by bottom friction and wave breaking. A clockwise circulation is identified at the offshore of Saco River. With the presence of waves, the clockwise circulation is greatly enhanced and moved further offshore. The surface elevation is also increased by 0.2m along the coast due to wave set-up.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCoastal Structures and Solutions to Coastal Disasters 2015
Subtitle of host publicationResilient Coastal Communities - Proceedings of the Coastal Structures and Solutions to Coastal Disasters Joint Conference 2015
PublisherAmerican Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
Pages295-301
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9780784480304
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
EventCoastal Structures and Solutions to Coastal Disasters Joint Conference 2015 - Boston, United States
Duration: 9 Sep 201511 Sep 2015

Conference

ConferenceCoastal Structures and Solutions to Coastal Disasters Joint Conference 2015
CountryUnited States
CityBoston
Period9/09/1511/09/15

Fingerprint

flooding
Coastal zones
Tide gages
bottom friction
gulf
wave breaking
coast
tide gauge
Tides
tide
Rivers
Friction
winter
river

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science
  • Economic Geology
  • Computers in Earth Sciences

Cite this

Xie, D., Zou, Q. P., & Cannon, J. W. (2015). Coastal Flooding at the Gulf of Maine during the Patriot's Day Storm. In Coastal Structures and Solutions to Coastal Disasters 2015: Resilient Coastal Communities - Proceedings of the Coastal Structures and Solutions to Coastal Disasters Joint Conference 2015 (pp. 295-301). American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784480304.031
Xie, Dongmei ; Zou, Qing Ping ; Cannon, John W. / Coastal Flooding at the Gulf of Maine during the Patriot's Day Storm. Coastal Structures and Solutions to Coastal Disasters 2015: Resilient Coastal Communities - Proceedings of the Coastal Structures and Solutions to Coastal Disasters Joint Conference 2015. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2015. pp. 295-301
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abstract = "The Gulf of Maine is frequently struck by Nor'easter storms during winter season. The strong wind produced by storm generates large waves and high surge, which may result in coastal inundation in low-lying areas along the coast when the storm peak coincides with high tide. In this paper, the state-of-the-art fully-coupled circulation and spectral wave model ADCIRC-UnSWAN was applied to investigate waves and circulation in the Gulf of Maine. The waves and surge level was well reproduced at wave buoy and tide gauge. While waves at offshore of Saco Bay reaches over 7.0 m at storm peak, it decreases rapidly when propagating into the bay, mainly caused by bottom friction and wave breaking. A clockwise circulation is identified at the offshore of Saco River. With the presence of waves, the clockwise circulation is greatly enhanced and moved further offshore. The surface elevation is also increased by 0.2m along the coast due to wave set-up.",
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Xie, D, Zou, QP & Cannon, JW 2015, Coastal Flooding at the Gulf of Maine during the Patriot's Day Storm. in Coastal Structures and Solutions to Coastal Disasters 2015: Resilient Coastal Communities - Proceedings of the Coastal Structures and Solutions to Coastal Disasters Joint Conference 2015. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), pp. 295-301, Coastal Structures and Solutions to Coastal Disasters Joint Conference 2015, Boston, United States, 9/09/15. https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784480304.031

Coastal Flooding at the Gulf of Maine during the Patriot's Day Storm. / Xie, Dongmei; Zou, Qing Ping; Cannon, John W.

Coastal Structures and Solutions to Coastal Disasters 2015: Resilient Coastal Communities - Proceedings of the Coastal Structures and Solutions to Coastal Disasters Joint Conference 2015. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2015. p. 295-301.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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AB - The Gulf of Maine is frequently struck by Nor'easter storms during winter season. The strong wind produced by storm generates large waves and high surge, which may result in coastal inundation in low-lying areas along the coast when the storm peak coincides with high tide. In this paper, the state-of-the-art fully-coupled circulation and spectral wave model ADCIRC-UnSWAN was applied to investigate waves and circulation in the Gulf of Maine. The waves and surge level was well reproduced at wave buoy and tide gauge. While waves at offshore of Saco Bay reaches over 7.0 m at storm peak, it decreases rapidly when propagating into the bay, mainly caused by bottom friction and wave breaking. A clockwise circulation is identified at the offshore of Saco River. With the presence of waves, the clockwise circulation is greatly enhanced and moved further offshore. The surface elevation is also increased by 0.2m along the coast due to wave set-up.

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Xie D, Zou QP, Cannon JW. Coastal Flooding at the Gulf of Maine during the Patriot's Day Storm. In Coastal Structures and Solutions to Coastal Disasters 2015: Resilient Coastal Communities - Proceedings of the Coastal Structures and Solutions to Coastal Disasters Joint Conference 2015. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). 2015. p. 295-301 https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784480304.031