CO2 selective NaMg-CTS-1 and its structural formation from the titanium silicate based molecule sieve NaMg-ETS-4

Ocean Cheung, Jie Su, Zoltán Bacsik, Jing Li, Louise Samain, Xiaodong Zou, Niklas Hedin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A range of titanium silicates (ETS-4 and CTS-1) with interesting gas separation properties were studied as CO2 adsorbents. Some of these adsorbents, in particular NaMg-CTS-1, showed the ability to selectively adsorb CO2-over-N2. Partially exchanged NaM-ETS-4 (M = Mg, Ca, Sr and Ba) were synthesised in the Na+ form and ion exchanged with group 2 cations. All but NaBa-ETS-4 transformed into their CTS-1 counterparts, when these partially exchanged Na-ETS-4 were dehydrated. The transformation from ETS-4 to CTS-1 was monitored and studied extensively using diffraction and spectroscopic techniques. Powder X-ray diffraction allowed us to follow the changes of the unit cell parameters occurred at different temperatures. We combined high energy X-ray total scattering (analysed by pair distribution functions - PDF analysis), electron diffraction, infrared, Raman and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy to study the transformation of ETS-4 to CTS-1. We understood that under dehydration steps, there was significant disruption to the Ti-O-Ti chain along the b-axis, which occurred concurrently with the distortion of the double 3-rings alongside of these chains. These changes were partly responsible for the contraction of the ETS-4 framework (and successive transformation to CTS-1). The new information allowed us to understand the interesting structures and sorption properties of these adsorbents.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-73
Number of pages11
JournalMicroporous and Mesoporous Materials
Volume198
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2014

Keywords

  • ETS-4
  • Ion exchange
  • Structure determination
  • Titanium silicates

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