Co-radicalisation of Islamist and nativist extremists in Europe: A social-psychological and sociological perspective

Ayhan Kaya, Jais Adam-Troian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A vast amount of social science research has been dedicated to the study of Islamist extremism – in particular, to uncover its psychological and structural drivers. However, the recent revival of extreme-right extremism points to the need to investigate this re-emerging phenomenon. This article highlights some of the characteristics of the extremisation of Islamism in Europe in parallel with the rise of the extremisation of right-wing extremist groups. In doing so, we explore similarities between Islamist and right-wing extremist individuals and groups. The main premise of the article is that a threat-regulation approach fails to understand the role of contextual and structural factors in the political and religious extremisation of individuals. Instead, the article claims that a reciprocal-threat model can better explain extremist violence since it is based on the idea that nativist and Islamist extremist individuals/groups are mutually threatening each other.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)276–308
Number of pages33
JournalJournal of Muslims in Europe
Volume10
Issue number3
Early online date17 Jun 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021

Keywords

  • Co-radicalisation
  • Extremism
  • Islamist
  • Populism
  • Re-emergence
  • Right-wing
  • Terrorism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cultural Studies
  • History
  • Anthropology
  • Religious studies

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