Climatic city: Two centuries of urban planning and climate science in Manchester (UK) and its region

Fionn MacKillop*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


This paper traces the history, and current challenges, of climate science and urban design in Greater Manchester, UK. The Mancunian metropolis is a remarkable example of a 'climatic city', one that shapes its climate as much as it is shaped by it. From the efforts to control smoke and clear slums in the 19th century, to today's race to be at the forefront of 'green' and 'sustainable' cities, climate is a central actor in Manchester's history and will likely be so in the near future. We analyse the continuities and inflections of this history of climate science and urban planning in the metropolis by drawing on historical material and interviews with key local stakeholders, to understand the natural, social and political construction of this singular 'industrial ecology'. Ultimately, we ask whether stakeholders in the Greater Manchester area can overcome existing challenges to go towards a greener, more resilient and sustainable city. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)244-251
Number of pages8
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2012


  • Manchester
  • Industrial ecology
  • Urban regime
  • Urban climate
  • Ecological modernisation
  • Green cities


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