Classification of a 3-RER Parallel Manipulator Based on the Type and Number of Operation Modes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The type/number of operation modes of a parallel manipulator (PM) may vary with the link parameters of the PM. This paper presents a systematic classification of a 3-RER PM based on the type/number of operation modes. Here, R and E denote revolute joint and planar joint respectively. The 3-RER PM was proposed as a 4-DOF (degree-of-freedom) 3T1R PM in the literature. Using the proposed method, classification of a PM based on the type/number of operation modes can be carried out in four steps, including formulation of constraint equations of the PM, preliminary classification of the PM using Groebner cover, operation mode analysis of all the types of PMs using primary decomposition of ideals, and identification of redundant types of PMs. The classification of the 3-RER PM shows that it has 13 types. Besides the two 4-DOF 3T1R operation modes, different types of 3-RER PMs may have up to two more 3-DOF or other types of 4-DOF operation modes. Motion characteristics of the moving platform of 3-RER PMs are also identified using Euler parameter quaternions. This work is the first systematic study on the impact of link parameters on the operation modes of the 3-RER PM and provides a solid foundation for further research on the design and control of 3-RER PMs and other multi-mode (or reconfigurable) PMs.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Mechanisms and Robotics
Early online date31 Aug 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 31 Aug 2020

Keywords

  • Multi-mode mechanism
  • Operation mode
  • Quaternion
  • Euler parameters
  • Groebner cover

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering

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