Classification of 3-DOF 3-UPU translational parallel mechanisms based on constraint singularity loci Using Groebner Cover

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Abstract

A 3-DOF (degree-of-freedom) 3-UPU translational parallel mechanism (TPM) is one of typical TPMs. Despite comprehensive studies on 3-UPU TPMs in which the joint axes on the base and the moving platform are coplanar, only a few 3-UPU TPMs with skewed base and moving platform have been proposed, and the impact of link parameters on constraint singularity loci of such TPMs has not been systematically investigated. The advances in computing CGS (comprehensive Groebner system) or Groebner cover of parametric polynomial systems provide an efficient tool for solving this problem. This paper presents a systematic classification of 3-UPU TPMs with skewed base and moving platform based on constraint singularity loci. Firstly, the constraint singularity equation of a 3-UPU TPM is derived. Using Groebner Cover, the 3-UPU TPMs are classified into 12 types. Finally, a novel 3-UPU TPM is proposed. Unlike most of existing 3-UPU TPMs which can transit to two or more 3-DOF operation modes, the proposed 3-UPU TPM can only transit to one general 3-DOF operation mode. The singularity locus divides the workspace of this 3-UPU TPM into two constraint singularity-free regions. As a by-product, a 3-UPU parallel mechanism that the moving platform can undergo 3-DOF translation and 1-DOF infinitesimal rotation is revealed. This work provides a solid foundation for the design of 3-UPU TPMs and a starting point for the classification of a general 3-UPU parallel mechanism.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Mechanisms and Robotics
Early online date11 Apr 2022
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 11 Apr 2022

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