A retrodirective antenna (RDA) array for wireless power transmission (WPT) is presented. Applications include the wireless charging of mobile phones and other handheld devices. The reported RDA defines an active high-power transmitter module that retrodirects a received beacon tone back to a mobile unit by circularly polarized (CP) free-space radiation. In addition, this RDA architecture uses a network of four subarrays, defined by a total of 16 radiating patch elements, in an effort to boost the transmit gain while also reducing the supporting RF hardware requirements when compared to a more conventional RDA. Measurements and simulations in the reactive near-field of the system are in agreement in terms of the tracking capabilities of the high-power CP-RDA. Power levels in excess of 27 dBm were measured at 2.4 GHz at a receiver module, and when this RF power was rectified, more than 350 mW at dc was observed. To the best knowledge of the authors, this is the first demonstration of a WPT system using a mixer-based analog RDA. Previous low-power demonstrations were more complex computer-controlled systems that did not offer any real-time tracking ability. Other applications for the proposed RDA include target tracking, sensor charging, and other WPT systems.
- planar arrays
- retrodirective antennas (RDAs)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering