Chiral Confinement in Quasirelativistic Bose-Einstein Condensates

M. Merkl, A. Jacob, F. E. Zimmer, L. Santos, Patrik Ohberg

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In the presence of a laser-induced spin-orbit coupling an interacting ultracold spinor Bose-Einstein condensate may acquire a quasirelativistic character described by a nonlinear Dirac-like equation. We show that as a result of the spin-orbit coupling and the nonlinearity the condensate may become self-trapped, resembling the so-called chiral confinement, previously studied in the context of the massive Thirring model. We first consider 1D geometries where the self-confined condensates present an intriguing sinusoidal dependence on the interparticle interactions. We further show that multidimensional chiral confinement is also possible under appropriate feasible laser arrangements, and discuss the properties of 2D and 3D condensates, which differ significantly from the 1D case.

Original languageEnglish
Article number073603
Pages (from-to)-
Number of pages4
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 19 Feb 2010

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