The formation of water-in-crude oil emulsions occurs when crude oils are spilled into sea. The water-in-crude oil emulsions significantly change the properties of the spilled crude oils and in turn influence the choices made relating to oil spill countermeasures. The water-in-crude oil emulsions were characterized using various techniques in this study. The environmental scanning electron microscopy observation of water droplets in the emulsions is also presented. It is a powerful tool in emulsion observations.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Environmental Sciences|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 2003|
- Oil spill
- Oil spill response
- Water-in-oil emulsions