Characterization of shear and compaction bands in a porous sandstone deformed under triaxial compression

Elli Maria Charalampidou, Stephen Alexander Hall, Sergei Stanchits, Margaret Helen Lewis, Gioacchino Viggiani

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Abstract

The study of localized deformation in porous sandstones at the laboratory scale can yield valuable insights into the internal structures and mechanisms of shear zones and compaction bands that might impact on flow at a reservoir scale. Herein, we report results of a laboratory study of shear and compaction band formation in a porous sandstone using a range of full-field experimental techniques: acoustic emissions, ultrasonic tomography, X-ray tomography, and 3D volumetric digital image correlation, plus thin section and Scanning
Electron Microscope observations. The two main mechanisms involved in shear and compaction band formation, grain breakage (damage) and porosity reduction (compaction), are both well captured by the combination of all these laboratory techniques. The combined use of these techniques demonstrated the processes of shear and compaction band generation and the associated strain components that developed in the laboratory, and potentially also increased understanding of the naturally developed equivalents. The physical mechanisms of shear and compaction involved seem to be similar, but at the laboratory scale they show differences in the proportions and the order of occurrence in time.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8-17
Number of pages10
JournalTectonophysics
Volume503
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2011

Keywords

  • Geomechanics
  • Experimental models
  • Shear bands

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