Characterization of oil palm biomass as feed for torrefaction process

Muafah Abd Aziz, Yoshimitsu Uemura, Khalik M. Sabil

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Characterization of oil palm biomass namely empty fruit bunch (EFB), palm mesocarp fiber (PMF) and palm kernel shell (PKS) had been studied to determine its potential utilization for torrefaction. Torrefaction is a thermal pretreatment process to pretreat biomass at temperature range of 200-300°C under an inert atmosphere at low heating rate less than 50Cmin 1. The characterization included ultimate, proximate and SEM analyses. The ultimate analysis showed that oil palm biomass approximately composed of carbon (45-50%), hydrogen (5%), nitrogen (0.5%), sulfur (0.4%) and oxygen (43-48%). The proximate analysis revealed that oil palm biomass consisted of moisture (6-8%), volatile matter (72-75%), fixed carbon (14-16%) and ash (2-5%). Besides, SEM analysis showed significance at the existence of sharp edges at EFB surface, pores at PMF surface and the presence of agglomeration at PKS surface. From these experimental analyses, EFB, PMF and PKS had been found to be suitable feed for torrefaction.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2011 National Postgraduate Conference - Energy and Sustainability: Exploring the Innovative Minds, NPC 2011
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Event3rd National Postgraduate Conference - Energy and Sustainability: Exploring the Innovative Minds 2011 - Perak, Malaysia
Duration: 19 Sep 201120 Sep 2011

Conference

Conference3rd National Postgraduate Conference - Energy and Sustainability: Exploring the Innovative Minds 2011
Abbreviated titleNPC 2011
CountryMalaysia
CityPerak
Period19/09/1120/09/11

Keywords

  • characterization
  • empty fruit bunch (EFB)
  • palm kernel shell (PKS)
  • palm mesocarp fiber (PMF)
  • torrefaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education

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