Characterization and theoretical analysis of rapidly prototyped capillary action autonomous microfluidic systems

Mazher Iqbal Mohammed, Marc Phillipe Yves Desmulliez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Capillary action arising from surface tension-based forces has been demonstrated to be an effective means of passively actuating various fluids through simple and sophisticated microfluidic channel networks. Systems based on this technique are advantageous compared with standard pumping strategies, as they have zero power requirements, are readily integrated into the overall fluidic chip design, and can be fabricated rapidly in a single manufacturing step. This paper comprehensively investigates time lapsed average velocity profiles of various capillary action microfluidic systems, including channels and pumping structures, and compares experimental data against prominent, competing, and flow-based theoretical models. We demonstrate that the average meniscus flow velocity of CO2 laser ablated capillary systems can be adequately predicted and characterize smooth fluidic velocity profiles in simple microchannels and complex interlinking channel pump/filling structures. Such systems offer a useful, rapid, and low cost alternative to traditional fluidic actuation and flow control systems such as those found in on-chip based biological and chemical analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6786978
Pages (from-to)1408-1416
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Microelectromechanical Systems
Volume23
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2014

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Fluidics
Microfluidics
Microchannels
Flow control
Flow velocity
Surface tension
Pumps
Control systems
Fluids
Lasers
Chemical analysis
Costs

Keywords

  • autonomous fluidic system
  • capillary action
  • laser direct write
  • Microfluidics
  • micropump
  • rapid prototyping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Characterization and theoretical analysis of rapidly prototyped capillary action autonomous microfluidic systems",
abstract = "Capillary action arising from surface tension-based forces has been demonstrated to be an effective means of passively actuating various fluids through simple and sophisticated microfluidic channel networks. Systems based on this technique are advantageous compared with standard pumping strategies, as they have zero power requirements, are readily integrated into the overall fluidic chip design, and can be fabricated rapidly in a single manufacturing step. This paper comprehensively investigates time lapsed average velocity profiles of various capillary action microfluidic systems, including channels and pumping structures, and compares experimental data against prominent, competing, and flow-based theoretical models. We demonstrate that the average meniscus flow velocity of CO2 laser ablated capillary systems can be adequately predicted and characterize smooth fluidic velocity profiles in simple microchannels and complex interlinking channel pump/filling structures. Such systems offer a useful, rapid, and low cost alternative to traditional fluidic actuation and flow control systems such as those found in on-chip based biological and chemical analysis.",
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Characterization and theoretical analysis of rapidly prototyped capillary action autonomous microfluidic systems. / Mohammed, Mazher Iqbal; Desmulliez, Marc Phillipe Yves.

In: Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, Vol. 23, No. 6, 6786978, 01.12.2014, p. 1408-1416.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Capillary action arising from surface tension-based forces has been demonstrated to be an effective means of passively actuating various fluids through simple and sophisticated microfluidic channel networks. Systems based on this technique are advantageous compared with standard pumping strategies, as they have zero power requirements, are readily integrated into the overall fluidic chip design, and can be fabricated rapidly in a single manufacturing step. This paper comprehensively investigates time lapsed average velocity profiles of various capillary action microfluidic systems, including channels and pumping structures, and compares experimental data against prominent, competing, and flow-based theoretical models. We demonstrate that the average meniscus flow velocity of CO2 laser ablated capillary systems can be adequately predicted and characterize smooth fluidic velocity profiles in simple microchannels and complex interlinking channel pump/filling structures. Such systems offer a useful, rapid, and low cost alternative to traditional fluidic actuation and flow control systems such as those found in on-chip based biological and chemical analysis.

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