Characterisation of Silica and Silicate Nanoparticulate Films using Surface Science Methodologies

Diane Baird, Skandar Taj, Alexander Rosu-Finsen, Victoria Frankland, Mark P. Collings, Martin R. S. McCoustra

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Silicate nanoparticles with stoichiometries derived from materials with olivine (Mg2-xFexSiO4) and pyroxene (Mg2-xFexSi2O6) compositions are believed to play a highly significant role in the chemical evolution of the Universe; catalysing the formation of small hydrogen rich molecules and providing a substrate for icy film growth in which complex organic species are ultimately synthesised in the cold, dense environments where stars begin to form. Understanding the surface physics and chemistry of such systems is therefore crucial if we are to understand the chemistry of space.

We will report on preliminary studies of model silica nanoparticulate films produced on a copper substrate by electron beam evaporation in ultrahigh vacuum using a combination of temperature programmed desorption (TPD) and
reflection-absorption infrared spectroscopy (RAIRS) at temperatures down to 18 K. We will describe TPD studies of the distribution of binding energies for CO on these particles and how this can be used to explain inhomogeneous line broadening of the CO RAIR spectra and provide a new window on to the relaxation dynamics of vibrationally excited CO on such nanoparticle surfaces. We will also describe RAIR studies of H2O diffusion on these particle surfaces and outline our future plans to utilise these small molecules and others (C2H2 and C6H6) to probe silicate nanoparticles produced by pulsed laser deposition in collaboration with colleagues from the Department of Physics and Astronomy
at the University of Jena.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAbstracts of the 252nd American Chemical Society National Meeting and Exposition
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
Publication statusPublished - 21 Aug 2016
Event252nd American Chemical Society National Meeting and Exposition - Philadelphia, United States
Duration: 21 Aug 201625 Aug 2016

Conference

Conference252nd American Chemical Society National Meeting and Exposition
CountryUnited States
CityPhiladelphia
Period21/08/1625/08/16

Fingerprint

silicates
methodology
silicon dioxide
nanoparticles
desorption
chemistry
physics
chemical evolution
olivine
ultrahigh vacuum
pulsed laser deposition
temperature
molecules
stoichiometry
absorption spectroscopy
universe
binding energy
infrared spectroscopy
evaporation
electron beams

Cite this

Baird, D., Taj, S., Rosu-Finsen, A., Frankland, V., Collings, M. P., & McCoustra, M. R. S. (2016). Characterisation of Silica and Silicate Nanoparticulate Films using Surface Science Methodologies. In Abstracts of the 252nd American Chemical Society National Meeting and Exposition [COLL75] American Chemical Society.
Baird, Diane ; Taj, Skandar ; Rosu-Finsen, Alexander ; Frankland, Victoria ; Collings, Mark P. ; McCoustra, Martin R. S. / Characterisation of Silica and Silicate Nanoparticulate Films using Surface Science Methodologies. Abstracts of the 252nd American Chemical Society National Meeting and Exposition. American Chemical Society, 2016.
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abstract = "Silicate nanoparticles with stoichiometries derived from materials with olivine (Mg2-xFexSiO4) and pyroxene (Mg2-xFexSi2O6) compositions are believed to play a highly significant role in the chemical evolution of the Universe; catalysing the formation of small hydrogen rich molecules and providing a substrate for icy film growth in which complex organic species are ultimately synthesised in the cold, dense environments where stars begin to form. Understanding the surface physics and chemistry of such systems is therefore crucial if we are to understand the chemistry of space.We will report on preliminary studies of model silica nanoparticulate films produced on a copper substrate by electron beam evaporation in ultrahigh vacuum using a combination of temperature programmed desorption (TPD) andreflection-absorption infrared spectroscopy (RAIRS) at temperatures down to 18 K. We will describe TPD studies of the distribution of binding energies for CO on these particles and how this can be used to explain inhomogeneous line broadening of the CO RAIR spectra and provide a new window on to the relaxation dynamics of vibrationally excited CO on such nanoparticle surfaces. We will also describe RAIR studies of H2O diffusion on these particle surfaces and outline our future plans to utilise these small molecules and others (C2H2 and C6H6) to probe silicate nanoparticles produced by pulsed laser deposition in collaboration with colleagues from the Department of Physics and Astronomyat the University of Jena.",
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Baird, D, Taj, S, Rosu-Finsen, A, Frankland, V, Collings, MP & McCoustra, MRS 2016, Characterisation of Silica and Silicate Nanoparticulate Films using Surface Science Methodologies. in Abstracts of the 252nd American Chemical Society National Meeting and Exposition., COLL75, American Chemical Society, 252nd American Chemical Society National Meeting and Exposition, Philadelphia, United States, 21/08/16.

Characterisation of Silica and Silicate Nanoparticulate Films using Surface Science Methodologies. / Baird, Diane; Taj, Skandar; Rosu-Finsen, Alexander; Frankland, Victoria; Collings, Mark P.; McCoustra, Martin R. S.

Abstracts of the 252nd American Chemical Society National Meeting and Exposition. American Chemical Society, 2016. COLL75.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - Characterisation of Silica and Silicate Nanoparticulate Films using Surface Science Methodologies

AU - Baird, Diane

AU - Taj, Skandar

AU - Rosu-Finsen, Alexander

AU - Frankland, Victoria

AU - Collings, Mark P.

AU - McCoustra, Martin R. S.

PY - 2016/8/21

Y1 - 2016/8/21

N2 - Silicate nanoparticles with stoichiometries derived from materials with olivine (Mg2-xFexSiO4) and pyroxene (Mg2-xFexSi2O6) compositions are believed to play a highly significant role in the chemical evolution of the Universe; catalysing the formation of small hydrogen rich molecules and providing a substrate for icy film growth in which complex organic species are ultimately synthesised in the cold, dense environments where stars begin to form. Understanding the surface physics and chemistry of such systems is therefore crucial if we are to understand the chemistry of space.We will report on preliminary studies of model silica nanoparticulate films produced on a copper substrate by electron beam evaporation in ultrahigh vacuum using a combination of temperature programmed desorption (TPD) andreflection-absorption infrared spectroscopy (RAIRS) at temperatures down to 18 K. We will describe TPD studies of the distribution of binding energies for CO on these particles and how this can be used to explain inhomogeneous line broadening of the CO RAIR spectra and provide a new window on to the relaxation dynamics of vibrationally excited CO on such nanoparticle surfaces. We will also describe RAIR studies of H2O diffusion on these particle surfaces and outline our future plans to utilise these small molecules and others (C2H2 and C6H6) to probe silicate nanoparticles produced by pulsed laser deposition in collaboration with colleagues from the Department of Physics and Astronomyat the University of Jena.

AB - Silicate nanoparticles with stoichiometries derived from materials with olivine (Mg2-xFexSiO4) and pyroxene (Mg2-xFexSi2O6) compositions are believed to play a highly significant role in the chemical evolution of the Universe; catalysing the formation of small hydrogen rich molecules and providing a substrate for icy film growth in which complex organic species are ultimately synthesised in the cold, dense environments where stars begin to form. Understanding the surface physics and chemistry of such systems is therefore crucial if we are to understand the chemistry of space.We will report on preliminary studies of model silica nanoparticulate films produced on a copper substrate by electron beam evaporation in ultrahigh vacuum using a combination of temperature programmed desorption (TPD) andreflection-absorption infrared spectroscopy (RAIRS) at temperatures down to 18 K. We will describe TPD studies of the distribution of binding energies for CO on these particles and how this can be used to explain inhomogeneous line broadening of the CO RAIR spectra and provide a new window on to the relaxation dynamics of vibrationally excited CO on such nanoparticle surfaces. We will also describe RAIR studies of H2O diffusion on these particle surfaces and outline our future plans to utilise these small molecules and others (C2H2 and C6H6) to probe silicate nanoparticles produced by pulsed laser deposition in collaboration with colleagues from the Department of Physics and Astronomyat the University of Jena.

M3 - Conference contribution

BT - Abstracts of the 252nd American Chemical Society National Meeting and Exposition

PB - American Chemical Society

ER -

Baird D, Taj S, Rosu-Finsen A, Frankland V, Collings MP, McCoustra MRS. Characterisation of Silica and Silicate Nanoparticulate Films using Surface Science Methodologies. In Abstracts of the 252nd American Chemical Society National Meeting and Exposition. American Chemical Society. 2016. COLL75