Catalytic hydrodechlorination over Pd supported on amorphous and structured carbon

Claudia Amorim, Guang Yuan, Patricia M. Patterson, Mark A. Keane

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133 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The gas phase catalytic hydrodechlorination (HDC) of chlorobenzene has been studied (T=423 K) over Pd (8±1wt%) supported on activated carbon (Pd/AC), graphite (Pd/graphite), and graphitic carbon nanofiber (Pd/GNF). The activated carbon (875 m2 g-1) and graphite (11 m 2 g-1) substrates were obtained from a commercial source, but the carbon nanofibers (74 m2 g-1) were synthesized by ethylene decomposition over unsupported Ni to yield a mean fiber diameter of 225 nm. Under identical reaction conditions, the following initial HDC activity sequence was established: Pd/GNF ˜ Pd/AC > Pd/graphite. HDC activity declined with time-on-stream (four reaction cycles were considered), where Pd/GNF maintained a significantly higher fractional HDC and Pd/AC activity decreased continually to converge with Pd/graphite at a common residual conversion. The prereaction and postreaction catalyst samples were characterized by BET area/pore size analysis, temperature-programmed reduction, transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, H2 chemisorption/temperature-programmed desorption (TPD), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and acid/base titration. Pd size distribution is given in each case where surface area-weighted Pd diameter increased in the order: Pd/graphite < Pd/GNF < Pd/AC. The spent catalysts exhibited lower H2 uptake with a disruption to the TPD profiles. Pd on each support adopted (on the basis of XRD analysis) an exclusive cubic geometry, but whereas the particles on AC were globular in nature, faceted Pd particles predominated on the graphite and (to a lesser extent) GNF supports. HDC activity and temporal behavior is rationalized on the basis of metal-support interactions, Pd particle size, and H2 uptake/release characteristics. © 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)268-281
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Catalysis
Volume234
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Sep 2005

Keywords

  • Activated carbon
  • Carbon nanofibers
  • Chlorobenzene
  • Graphite
  • Hydrodechlorination
  • Supported Pd

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