Carbonyl pigments: Miscellaneous types

Robert Christie*, Adrian Abel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Carbonyl pigments are characterized by the presence of one or more carbonyl (C = O) groups in their structures, generally as a component of the chromophoric grouping and as part of an extended conjugated π-electron system. Structurally, they constitute a diverse group of pigments that offer a wide range of colors throughout the spectrum, and most of them provide high levels of technical performance. This paper provides a description of the historical development of thioindigoid, isoindoline, isoindolinone, and quinophthalone pigment types, and discusses their molecular and crystal structures in relation to their properties, the synthetic procedures used in their manufacture and their principal applications. They provide some of the most important high-performance yellow organic pigments for demanding applications in paints, inks, and plastics. Separate individual chapters in this series are devoted the anthraquinonoid, quinacridone, diketopyrrolopyrrole, perylene, and perinone carbonyl pigment subclasses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)265-280
Number of pages16
JournalPhysical Sciences Reviews
Issue number7
Early online date29 Jun 2021
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2021


  • carbonyl pigments
  • CI Pigment Orange 6
  • CI Pigment Red 181
  • CI Pigment Red 88
  • CI Pigment Yellow 109
  • CI Pigment Yellow 110
  • CI Pigment Yellow 138
  • CI Pigment Yellow 139
  • CI Pigment Yellow 173
  • CI Pigment Yellow 185
  • high-performance pigments
  • indigo
  • indigoid pigments
  • intermolecular hydrogen bonding
  • isoindoline pigments
  • isoindolines
  • isoindolinone pigments
  • isoindolinones
  • quinophthalone pigments
  • quinophthalones
  • tetrachloroisoindolinones
  • thioindigo
  • thioindigoid pigments

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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