Carbonic anhydrase IX (CAIX), cancer, and radiation responsiveness

Carol Ward, James Meehan, Mark Gray, Ian H. Kunkler, Simon P. Langdon, David J. Argyle

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

15 Citations (Scopus)
44 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Carbonic anhydrase IX has been under intensive investigation as a therapeutic target in cancer. Studies demonstrate that this enzyme has a key role in pH regulation in cancer cells, allowing these cells to adapt to the adverse conditions of the tumour microenviroment. Novel CAIX inhibitors have shown efficacy in both in vitro and in vivo pre-clinical cancer models, adversely affecting cell viability, tumour formation, migration, invasion, and metastatic growth when used alone. In co-treatments, CAIX inhibitors may enhance the effects of anti-angiogenic drugs or chemotherapy agents. Research suggests that these inhibitors may also increase the response of tumours to radiotherapy. Although many of the anti-tumour effects of CAIX inhibition may be dependent on its role in pH regulation, recent work has shown that CAIX interacts with several of the signalling pathways involved in the cellular response to radiation, suggesting that pH-independent mechanisms may also be an important basis of its role in tumour progression. Here, we discuss these pH-independent interactions in the context of the ability of CAIX to modulate the responsiveness of cancer to radiation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number13
JournalMetabolites
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Feb 2018

Keywords

  • Cancer
  • Carbonic anhydrase IX
  • Hypoxia
  • Radiation
  • Resistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Carbonic anhydrase IX (CAIX), cancer, and radiation responsiveness'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this