Carbon dioxide emissions of a typical office building in Scotland

Monkiz Khasreen, Phillip Frank Gower Banfill

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Life-Cycle Assessment (LCA) is one of various management tools for
evaluating environmental concerns. There is a lack of research in which LCA of office buildings in Europe is studied. This paper concentrates on the carbon emissions of a typical newly built office building in Scotland through its life cycle. It compares the embodied carbon in different building components, and compares the carbon emissions of different life cycle phases. The studied building is a new office building in Edinburgh.
Data is collected from the contractor’s bill of quantities with assistance of architectural design drawings and details. Carbon emissions of materials are collected from manufacturers and scientific data lists. Data quality is maintained at a good level. Results showed that the dominant phase is the use phase which is responsible for up to 78% of the whole life-cycle carbon emissions. Embodied carbon was found to be 16% of the
total, and it was dominated by the concrete building structure. This paper opens the door for further research activities presented in the conclusion.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 9th International Detail Design in Architecture Conference,
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Event9th International Detail Design in Architecture Conference - Preston, United Kingdom
Duration: 20 Dec 2012 → …


Conference9th International Detail Design in Architecture Conference
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom
Period20/12/12 → …


  • Offices
  • Carbon
  • Buildings


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