Building Affordance Relations for Robotic Agents - A Review

Paola Ardon, Èric Pairet Artau, Katrin Solveig Lohan, Subramanian Ramamoorthy, Ronald P. A. Petrick

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Affordances describe the possibilities for an agent to perform actions with an object. While the sig- nificance of the affordance concept has been previ- ously studied from varied perspectives, such as psy- chology and cognitive science, these approaches are not always sufficient to enable direct transfer, in the sense of implementations, to artificial intel- ligence (AI)-based systems and robotics. However, many efforts have been made to pragmatically em- ploy the concept of affordances, as it represents great potential for AI agents to effectively bridge perception to action. In this survey, we review and find common ground amongst different strategies that use the concept of affordances within robotic tasks, and build on these methods to provide guid- ance for including affordances as a mechanism to improve autonomy. To this end, we outline com- mon design choices for building representations of affordance relations, and their implications on the generalisation capabilities of an agent when facing previously unseen scenarios. Finally, we identify and discuss a range of interesting research direc- tions involving affordances that have the potential to improve the capabilities of an AI agent.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the Thirtieth International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI-21)
EditorsZhi-Hua Zhou
Pages4302-4311
ISBN (Electronic)978-0-9992411-9-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Aug 2021
Event30th International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence 2021 - Montreal-themed Virtual Reality, Montreal, Canada
Duration: 19 Aug 202126 Aug 2021
https://ijcai-21.org

Conference

Conference30th International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence 2021
Abbreviated titleIJCAI 2021
Country/TerritoryCanada
CityMontreal
Period19/08/2126/08/21
Internet address

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