Broaden Research on Ocean Alkalinity Enhancement to Better Characterize Social Impacts

Sara Nawaz, Javier Lezaun, Jose Maria Valenzuela, Phil Renforth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
1 Downloads (Pure)


Ocean alkalinity enhancement (OAE) is being considered as a way of achieving large-scale removals of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Research on the risks and benefits of different OAE approaches is expanding apace, but it remains difficult to anticipate and appraise the potential impacts to human communities that OAE might generate. These impacts, however, will be critical to evaluating the viability of specific OAE projects. This paper draws on the authors' involvement in interdisciplinary assessment of OAE (1) to identify the factors that currently limit characterization of potential social impacts and (2) to propose ways of reconfiguring OAE research to better consider these.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8863–8869
Number of pages7
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Issue number24
Early online date6 Jun 2023
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jun 2023


  • social impacts
  • governance
  • carbon dioxide removal
  • ocean alkalinity enhancement
  • negative emissions technology


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