Here, breakdown tests of cap-and-pin glass insulators with arcing horns, conducted at two different HV labs, are presented. Since only volt–time curves are measured, a curve-fitting approach to determine leader progression model parameters is taken, which involves modelling of the impulse generator in detail and inclusion of the Motoyama model to simulate the breakdown. Furthermore, a comparison of the breakdown simulation results with LPM parameters for a pure air gap and the measurements is accomplished. Finally, a curve-fitting procedure is developed to fit the resulting volt–time curves from simulations to the measurements.
Koehler, F., Swingler, J., & Peesapati, V. (2018). Breakdown Process Experiments of Cap-and-Pin Insulators and their EMT Leader-Progression Model Implementation. IET Generation, Transmission and Distribution, 12(2), 448–454. https://doi.org/10.1049/iet-gtd.2017.0916