Biomass to energy: a machine learning model for optimum gasification pathways

María Victoria Gil*, Kevin Maik Jablonka, Susana Garcia, Covadonga Pevida, Berend Smit*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
30 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Biomass is a highly versatile renewable resource for decarbonizing energy systems. Gasification is a promising conversion technology that can transform biomass into multiple energy carriers to produce heat, electricity, biofuels, or chemicals. At present, identifying the best gasification route for a given biomass relies on trial and error, which involves time-consuming experimentation that, given the wide range of biomass feedstocks available, slows down the deployment of the technology. Here, we use a supervised non-parametric machine-learning method, Gaussian process regression (GPR), that provides robust predictions when working with small datasets, to develop a model to find the optimal application of a particular biomass in gasification processes. Leave-one-out cross-validation (LOOCV) is used to validate the model's predictive performance. Our model can select the suitable gasification pathway from the characteristics of the biomass, and also identify the optimal operating conditions for a selected application of the produced gas. In addition, with this model, we can obtain insights into the relationships between biomass properties and gasification results, leading to a better understanding of the process. A relevant aspect of this work is that these results rely on a relatively small dataset, representative of those typically collected by research groups using different types of gasifiers worldwide. This study opens the path for future integration of such data, which would allow addressing the complexity of biomass and conversion process simultaneously. With this work, we aim to increase the flexibility of biomass gasification processes and promote the development of bioenergy technologies, considered crucial in the energy transition context.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)929-940
Number of pages12
JournalDigital Discovery
Volume2
Issue number4
Early online date17 Jul 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2023

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