Binder free novel synthesis of structured hybrid mixed metal oxides (MMOs) for high temperature CO2 capture

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Abstract

Here we report a novel, binder free simple post synthesis modification of layered double hydroxides (LDHs) to develop structured CO2 capture sorbents. The method involves the modification of LDHs with an organic modifier, melamine, to create the porosity and provide support for enhanced CO2 capture properties. The modified LDHs were pelletized (2 mm) to overcome the particle size issues associated with powder samples when used in the relevant process, e.g. in fixed bed reactors. The organic modifier, melamine, played a significant role in creating the porosity and providing support for the mixed metal oxides (MMOs) pellets. The CO2 capture capacity of the resultant hybrid pellets directly correlates with the amount of modifier used. The hybrid MMOs pellets captured 1.34 mmol of CO2 per g of sorbent at 200 °C and 1 bar, and they significantly outperformed their unmodified counterparts (0.35 mmol/g) and commercial (Pural MG70, SASOL) MMOs pellets (0.33 mmol/g). They also showed excellent cycling behaviour over 20 carbonation/regeneration cycles. This novel post synthesis modification method shows promise to develop LDH based MMOs structured sorbents that are suitable for industrial scale CO2 capture applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number128881
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume415
Early online date11 Feb 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 11 Feb 2021

Keywords

  • CO capture
  • Layered double hydroxides
  • Mixed metal oxides
  • Structured sorbents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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