Berry polyphenols inhbit pancreatic lipase actvity in vitro

Gordon J McDougall, Nimish N Kulkarni, Derek Stewart

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    164 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Polyphenol-rich extracts from a range of berries were tested for their ability to inhibit pancreatic lipase activity in vitro. Blackcurrant and rowan extracts had no effect, blueberry caused slight inhibition, whilst lingonberry, Arctic bramble, cloudberry, strawberry and raspberry were considerably more effective. Inhibition by the cloudberry extract showed a saturation effect with an apparent EC50 of around 5 µg phenols/ml.

    The inhibitory components from cloudberry were retained in a tannin-rich fraction prepared by sorption to Sephadex LH-20. Comparison of the polyphenol composition of the active and inactive fractions using liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry (LC–MS) strongly suggested that the active components were ellagitannins. Similarly prepared fractions from raspberry and strawberry were also effective inhibitors. Direct infusion mass spectra (DIMS) of the raspberry tannin and cloudberry tannin fractions were very similar, with minor differences in the abundance of certain ellagitannin components, whereas the strawberry tannin fraction was enriched in a mixture of ellagitannin and proanthocyanidin components. The effective inhibition of lipase by the lingonberry extract may have been due to proanthocyandin components. The nature, mechanism and possible physiological relevance of lipase inhibition by berry components are discussed.
    © Elsevier 2009
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)193-199
    Number of pages7
    JournalFood Chemistry
    Volume115
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 2009

    Keywords

    • berries
    • ellagitannins
    • inhibition
    • lipase
    • obesity
    • polyphenols

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