BER Performance of Spatial Modulation Systems under a Non-Stationary Massive MIMO Channel Model

Yu Fu, Cheng-Xiang Wang*, Xuming Fang, Li Yan, Stephen McLaughlin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
52 Downloads (Pure)


In this paper, the bit error rate (BER) performance of spatial modulation (SM) systems is investigated both theoretically and by simulation in a non-stationary Kronecker-based massive multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) channel model in multi-user (MU) scenarios. Massive MIMO SM systems are considered in this paper using both a time-division multiple access (TDMA) scheme and a block diagonalization (BD) based precoding scheme, for different system settings. Their performance is compared with a vertical Bell labs layered space-time (V-BLAST) architecture based system and a conventional channel inversion system. It is observed that a higher cluster evolution factor can result in better BER performance of SM systems due to the low correlation among sub-channels. Compared with the BD-SM system, the SM system using the TDMA scheme obtains a better BER performance but with a much lower total system data rate. The BD-MU-SM system achieves the best trade-off between the data rate and the BER performance among all of the systems considered. When compared with the V-BLAST system and the channel inversion system, SM approaches offer advantages in performance for MU massive MIMO systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44547-44558
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Access
Early online date28 Feb 2020
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Bit error rate
  • Block diagonalization precoding
  • Massive MIMO
  • Non-stationary Kronecker-based channel model
  • Spatial modulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science
  • General Materials Science
  • General Engineering


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