Beam quality after propagation of Nd:YAG laser light through large-core optical fibers

Andreas Kuhn, Ian J. Blewett, Duncan P. Hand, J. D. C. Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Laser beam characteristics are altered during propagation through large-core optical fibers. The distribution of modes excited by the input laser beam is modified by means of mode coupling on transmission through the fiber, leading to spatial dispersion of the profile and, ultimately and unavoidably, to degradation in the quality of the delivered beam unless the beam is spatially filtered with consequent power loss. Furthermore, a mismatch between the intensity profile of a typical focused high-power laser beam and the profile of the step-index fiber gives rise to additional beam-quality degradation. Modern materials processing applications demand ever higher delivered beam qualities (as measured by a parameter such as M2) to achieve greater machining precision and efficiency, a demand that is currently in conflict with the desire to utilize the convenience and flexibility of large-core fiber-optic beam delivery. We present a detailed experimental investigation of the principal beam-quality degradation effects associated with fiber-optic beam delivery and use numerical modeling to aid an initial discussion of the causes of such degradation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6754-6760
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Optics
Issue number36
Publication statusPublished - 20 Dec 2000


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