Beam Index Modulation Wireless Communication with Analog Beamforming

Yuan Ding, Vincent Fusco, Alexey Shitvov, Yue Xiao, Hailin Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)
62 Downloads (Pure)


In this paper, we propose a new architecture and performance analysis for beam index modulation (BIM) wireless communication implemented with the aid of analog beamforming. The BIM concept is presented in order to extend and adapt the spatial modulation (SM) concept to sparse wireless communication channel environments. It is shown that when compared with the conventional beamforming and SM strategies, the BIM system can achieve higher spectrum efficiency in high signal to noise ratio (SNR) and non-line-of-sight (nLoS) sparse channel scenarios. Furthermore, different to the previous spatial scattering modulation (SSM) work the proposed BIM architectures have reduced hardware complexity, and, importantly, in some nLoS sparse channel conditions the BIM can also outperform the SSM. The above findings were further validated by some demonstrative experiments that were conducted at 10 GHz.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to) 6340 - 6354
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
Issue number7
Early online date26 Mar 2018
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 26 Mar 2018


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