Baselines and Monitoring Methods for Detecting Impacts of Hydrodynamic Energy Extraction on Intertidal Communities of Rocky Shores

Andrew Want, Robert A. Beharie, Michael C. Bell, Jonathan Charles Side

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)

Abstract

As part of the UK government’s objective to deliver an increasing proportion of electricity from renewable sources, West Mainland, Orkney, is at the forefront of the development of wave-energy extraction devices. Exposure to wave energy plays a dominant role in shaping the Orkney landscape and determining the ecological community, but little is known of the consequences of commercial scale removal of energy from the environment. An extensive long-term monitoring programme to assess the impacts of altering wave-energy exposure on these rocky shores alongside responses to other systemic forcing agents such as climate change is continuing. Within the programme are photographic surveys, including quadrat and fixed viewpoint techniques, littoral studies of sentinel species, and the development of cost-effective wave-energy quantifying devices. Software has been developed to analyse images efficiently, to produce quantitative data on species and biotope coverage. Additionally, extensive surveys along the shoreline provide detailed image records, including areas without prior scientific description, and have helped identify locations of environmental sensitivity. Collectively, the data provide a comprehensive pre-development baseline along this important coast.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMarine Renewable Energy Technology and Environmental Interactions
EditorsMark A. Shields, Andrew I. L. Payne
PublisherSpringer
Chapter3
Pages21-38
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)9789401780025
ISBN (Print)9789401780018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Publication series

NameHumanity and the Sea
PublisherSpringer
ISSN (Print)2213-607X
ISSN (Electronic)2213-6088

Fingerprint

intertidal community
rocky shore
wave energy
hydrodynamics
monitoring
energy
biotope
shoreline
electricity
software
climate change
method
coast
cost
programme
exposure

Cite this

Want, A., Beharie, R. A., Bell, M. C., & Side, J. C. (2014). Baselines and Monitoring Methods for Detecting Impacts of Hydrodynamic Energy Extraction on Intertidal Communities of Rocky Shores. In M. A. Shields, & A. I. L. Payne (Eds.), Marine Renewable Energy Technology and Environmental Interactions (pp. 21-38). (Humanity and the Sea). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-8002-5_3
Want, Andrew ; Beharie, Robert A. ; Bell, Michael C. ; Side, Jonathan Charles. / Baselines and Monitoring Methods for Detecting Impacts of Hydrodynamic Energy Extraction on Intertidal Communities of Rocky Shores. Marine Renewable Energy Technology and Environmental Interactions. editor / Mark A. Shields ; Andrew I. L. Payne. Springer, 2014. pp. 21-38 (Humanity and the Sea).
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Want, A, Beharie, RA, Bell, MC & Side, JC 2014, Baselines and Monitoring Methods for Detecting Impacts of Hydrodynamic Energy Extraction on Intertidal Communities of Rocky Shores. in MA Shields & AIL Payne (eds), Marine Renewable Energy Technology and Environmental Interactions. Humanity and the Sea, Springer, pp. 21-38. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-8002-5_3

Baselines and Monitoring Methods for Detecting Impacts of Hydrodynamic Energy Extraction on Intertidal Communities of Rocky Shores. / Want, Andrew; Beharie, Robert A.; Bell, Michael C.; Side, Jonathan Charles.

Marine Renewable Energy Technology and Environmental Interactions. ed. / Mark A. Shields; Andrew I. L. Payne. Springer, 2014. p. 21-38 (Humanity and the Sea).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)

TY - CHAP

T1 - Baselines and Monitoring Methods for Detecting Impacts of Hydrodynamic Energy Extraction on Intertidal Communities of Rocky Shores

AU - Want, Andrew

AU - Beharie, Robert A.

AU - Bell, Michael C.

AU - Side, Jonathan Charles

PY - 2014

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N2 - As part of the UK government’s objective to deliver an increasing proportion of electricity from renewable sources, West Mainland, Orkney, is at the forefront of the development of wave-energy extraction devices. Exposure to wave energy plays a dominant role in shaping the Orkney landscape and determining the ecological community, but little is known of the consequences of commercial scale removal of energy from the environment. An extensive long-term monitoring programme to assess the impacts of altering wave-energy exposure on these rocky shores alongside responses to other systemic forcing agents such as climate change is continuing. Within the programme are photographic surveys, including quadrat and fixed viewpoint techniques, littoral studies of sentinel species, and the development of cost-effective wave-energy quantifying devices. Software has been developed to analyse images efficiently, to produce quantitative data on species and biotope coverage. Additionally, extensive surveys along the shoreline provide detailed image records, including areas without prior scientific description, and have helped identify locations of environmental sensitivity. Collectively, the data provide a comprehensive pre-development baseline along this important coast.

AB - As part of the UK government’s objective to deliver an increasing proportion of electricity from renewable sources, West Mainland, Orkney, is at the forefront of the development of wave-energy extraction devices. Exposure to wave energy plays a dominant role in shaping the Orkney landscape and determining the ecological community, but little is known of the consequences of commercial scale removal of energy from the environment. An extensive long-term monitoring programme to assess the impacts of altering wave-energy exposure on these rocky shores alongside responses to other systemic forcing agents such as climate change is continuing. Within the programme are photographic surveys, including quadrat and fixed viewpoint techniques, littoral studies of sentinel species, and the development of cost-effective wave-energy quantifying devices. Software has been developed to analyse images efficiently, to produce quantitative data on species and biotope coverage. Additionally, extensive surveys along the shoreline provide detailed image records, including areas without prior scientific description, and have helped identify locations of environmental sensitivity. Collectively, the data provide a comprehensive pre-development baseline along this important coast.

U2 - 10.1007/978-94-017-8002-5_3

DO - 10.1007/978-94-017-8002-5_3

M3 - Chapter (peer-reviewed)

SN - 9789401780018

T3 - Humanity and the Sea

SP - 21

EP - 38

BT - Marine Renewable Energy Technology and Environmental Interactions

A2 - Shields, Mark A.

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ER -

Want A, Beharie RA, Bell MC, Side JC. Baselines and Monitoring Methods for Detecting Impacts of Hydrodynamic Energy Extraction on Intertidal Communities of Rocky Shores. In Shields MA, Payne AIL, editors, Marine Renewable Energy Technology and Environmental Interactions. Springer. 2014. p. 21-38. (Humanity and the Sea). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-8002-5_3