Automatic migration velocity estimation for prestack time migration

Chunhui Dong*, Shangxu Wang, Jianfeng Zhang, Jingsheng Ma, Hao Zhang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
93 Downloads (Pure)


Migration velocity analysis is a labor-intensive part of the iterative prestack time migration (PSTM) process. We have developed a velocity estimation scheme to improve the efficiency of the velocity analysis process using an automatic approach. Our scheme is the numerical implementation of the conventional velocity analysis process based on residual moveout analysis. The key aspect of this scheme is the automatic event picking in the common-reflection point (CRP) gathers, which is implemented by semblance scanning trace by trace. With the picked traveltime curves, we estimate the velocities at discrete grids in the velocity model using the least-squares method, and build the final root-mean-square (rms) velocity model by spatial interpolation. The main advantage of our method is that it can generate an appropriate rms velocity model for PSTM in just a few iterations without manual manipulations. In addition, using the fitting curves of the picked events in a range of offsets to estimate the velocity model, which is fitting to a normal moveout correction, can prevent our scheme from the local minima issue. The Sigsbee2B model and a field data set are used to verify the feasibility of our scheme. High-quality velocity model and imaging results are obtained. Compared with the computational cost to generate the CRP gathers, the cost of our scheme can be neglected, and the quality of the initial velocity is not critical.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)U1-U11
Number of pages11
Issue number3
Early online date11 Mar 2019
Publication statusPublished - May 2019


  • estimation
  • imaging
  • time migration
  • velocity analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology


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