Associations between Schizotypal Facets and Symptoms of Disordered Eating in Women

Viren Swami, David Barron, Adrian Furnham

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Abstract

Research has suggested that schizotypy-a personality organisation representing latent vulnerability for schizophrenia-spectrum disorders-may be elevated in women with symptoms of disordered eating. However, studies have not fully considered associations between symptoms of disordered eating and multidimensional schizotypy. To overcome this limitation, we asked an online sample of 235 women from the United States to complete measures of symptoms of disordered eating (drive for thinness, body dissatisfaction, and bulimic symptoms) and multidimensional schizotypy. Correlational analyses indicated significant associations between drive for thinness and bulimic symptoms, respectively, and most schizotypal facets. Body dissatisfaction was significantly associated with only two schizotypal facets. Overall, the strength of correlations was weak-to-moderate. Regression results indicated that only the schizotypal feature of excessive social anxiety was significantly associated with all risk for disordered eating factors. These results are consistent with aetiological models of disordered eating that highlight socio-affective difficulties as risk factors for symptoms of disordered eating.

Original languageEnglish
Article number11157
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume19
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Sept 2022

Keywords

  • Body Image
  • Bulimia
  • Drive
  • Feeding and Eating Disorders/complications
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Thinness/psychology

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